History of SIDS
R. Kalaria found that SIDS victims had a decreased amount
of dopamine in the
brain when compared to controls. It was speculated that this
change may be due to
chronic or episodic hypoxia before death.
J.S. Kemp and B. Thach reported their findings that infants
placed on sheepskin to
sleep have a higher risk of SIDS. This was reported to be
the result of rebreathing
exhaled carbon dioxide. Their study was based upon results
anesthetized rabbits. This study was repeated the same year
by B.A. Chiodini and
Thach using human infants. They found no change in oxygen
saturation in these
Formation of the Alliance of Grandparents, A Support in Tragedy
The Tree of Hope National SIDS Memorial initiated.
NICHD launched the Back to Sleep campaign
with partners the AAP, SIDS Alliance,
MCHB and ASIP.
The Triple Risk Model was presented. This
model remained in use and has evolved
into the current theory of today.
MCH Nationwide Assessment
of SIDS Services Report released.
CJ Foundation for SIDS
established in Hackensack, New Jersey.
1995 Second five-year strategic plan released by NICHD.
Network launched first online information Web site for SIDS.
Publication of Guidelines for Investigation of Sudden
Unexpected Infant Deaths by
Standardized autopsy and death scene investigation
forms published in the MMRW.
ASPP changed name
to Association of SIDS and Infant Mortality Programs (ASIP).
AAP revised recommendation regarding infant sleep
position stating that back is
the preferred position.
SIDS Alliance awarded cooperative
agreement from MCHB to establish National
SIDS and Infant Death Program Support Center
Consumer Product Safety
Commission (CPSC) convened meeting on hazards of soft
bedding for infant sleep.