SIDS Program Manual SIDS & Infant Death Program Manual and Trainer's Guide Trainer's Guide

Appendix A

History of SIDS

1993

R. Kalaria found that SIDS victims had a decreased amount of dopamine in the brain when compared to controls. It was speculated that this change may be due to chronic or episodic hypoxia before death. J.S. Kemp and B. Thach reported their findings that infants placed on sheepskin to sleep have a higher risk of SIDS. This was reported to be the result of rebreathing exhaled carbon dioxide. Their study was based upon results obtained from anesthetized rabbits. This study was repeated the same year by B.A. Chiodini and Thach using human infants. They found no change in oxygen saturation in these infants. Formation of the Alliance of Grandparents, A Support in Tragedy (AGAST). The Tree of Hope National SIDS Memorial initiated.

1994

NICHD launched the Back to Sleep campaign with partners the AAP, SIDS Alliance, MCHB and ASIP.

The Triple Risk Model was presented. This model remained in use and has evolved into the current theory of today.

MCH Nationwide Assessment of SIDS Services Report released.

CJ Foundation for SIDS established in Hackensack, New Jersey.

1995 Second five-year strategic plan released by NICHD.

SIDS Network launched first online information Web site for SIDS.

1996

Publication of Guidelines for Investigation of Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths by the CDC.

Standardized autopsy and death scene investigation forms published in the MMRW.

ASPP changed name to Association of SIDS and Infant Mortality Programs (ASIP).

1997

AAP revised recommendation regarding infant sleep position stating that back is the preferred position.

SIDS Alliance awarded cooperative agreement from MCHB to establish National SIDS and Infant Death Program Support Center (NSIDPSC).

1998

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) convened meeting on hazards of soft bedding for infant sleep.

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