SIDS Program Manual SIDS & Infant Death Program Manual and Trainer's Guide Trainer's Guide

Appendix A

History of SIDS

1974

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Act of 1974 (PL 93-270) is passed by U.S. Congress. The law assigns responsibility to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) to conduct SIDS research. The Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) is delegated the information and counseling component of the legislation.

First SIDS Information and Counseling Project inaugurated at Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, Illinois.

Federal funds provided from MCHB for the establishment of 21 SIDS Information and Counseling Projects.

1975

The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) introduces the code for SIDS into the Eighth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases, adapted for use in the United States.

1976

Investigative protocol for examining SIDS infants is developed by a group of pathologists, toxicologists and other health professionals convened in New Mexico by the maternal and child health program. The report of this group’s findings was published by forensic pathologists A.M. Jones and J.T. Weston in the Journal of Forensic Sciences.

1977

NICHD initiated a cooperative epidemiologic study of SIDS risk factors. This case- controlled study collected and analyzed data from six centers in the United States. NFSID changed name to the National Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Foundation, Inc.

1979

The World Health Organization recognizes SIDS as an official cause of death. Establishment of the National Clearinghouse for SIDS by MCHB. The clearinghouse became the National SIDS and Infant Death Resource Center. First promotion of October as National SIDS Awareness Month.

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