SIDS Program Manual SIDS & Infant Death Program Manual and Trainer's Guide Trainer's Guide

What is SIDS?

SIDS Racial Disparities

Couple with baby


According to the 2000 census, Hispanics are the fastest-growing minority group in the United States. Those who identify themselves as Hispanic come from a variety of countries in Latin America, the Caribbean and Europe. Almost 40 percent of Hispanics are foreignborn. Ninety percent live in urban areas and the States with the largest populations include California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona and New Jersey. The cities with the largest populations include New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago and Houston.

Hispanics can be of many different ethnicities and there are significant health differences between subpopulations. Such variation limits the usefulness of comparing health outcome measures for all Hispanics against White, African American and other populations. For example, Mexican Americans have better health measures than Puerto Ricans.

SUID/SIDS Rates. The Hispanic population as a group experiences a SIDS rate that is below the national rate as well as the White population rate at 0.27 death per 1,000 live births. It is important to note that in certain Hispanic subpopulations, such as Puerto Ricans and Cubans in New York City, the SIDS rate is greater than that of the White population.

Prevalence of Risk Factors. Within Hispanic populations, certain groups are more likely to place infants to sleep on their stomachs.36 Additionally, 25.5 percent of infants with Hispanic mothers sleep in an adult bed.37 Hispanic populations might also have a greater tendency to overdress infants, possibly leading to overheating.