SIDS Program Manual SIDS & Infant Death Program Manual and Trainer's Guide Trainer's Guide

What is SIDS?

SIDS Racial Disparities

Chart 1.2 displays SIDS rates for different ethnic and racial groups. In the science of epidemiology, it is important to understand how different groups compare. The decline in SIDS rates has not been equal for all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans have a SIDS rate more than twice the rate of Whites, and Native Americans have an almost three times greater rate. Factors that contribute to this disparity may include the higher incidence of prenatal/infant health problems, insufficient access to up-to-date prenatal/infant health information and certain behavioral factors such as bedsharing.19,20

However, it is important to remember that research and studies conducted are on specific populations within these groups. It would be ineffective to generalize any groups according to this information. Income, education and geography also are important contributors to any measure of health status.

Chart 1.2 : U.S. SIDS Rates by Race, 1990-2001

Chart 1.2 : U.S. SIDS Rates by Race, 1990-2001