SIDS Program Manual SIDS & Infant Death Program Manual and Trainer's Guide Trainer's Guide

What is SIDS?

Epidemiology

National Statistics

Recent declines may also reflect a change in the way SIDS is diagnosed by the medical community. Further discussion on diagnostic shift can be found at the end of this chapter. Deaths due to SIDS have been declining since 1988 as can be observed in Table 1.1.

Table 1.1 : SIDS Deaths and SIDS Rates per 1,000 Live Births, 1983 to 2003 18

Year Total Rate per 1,000 Births

1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

5,305
5,245
5,315
5,278
5,230
05,476
5,634
5,417
5,349
4,890
4,669
4,073
3,397
3,050
2,991
2,822

1.46
1.43
1.41
1.41
1.37
1.40
1.39
1.30
1.30
1.20
1.17
1.03
0.87
0.78
0.77
0.71
 

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004*

2,648
2,523
2,234
2,295
2,162
2,109

0.66
0.62
0.55
0.57
0.52
0.51
ICD-10 in use from 1999

* Data is preliminary and subject to change.

To further demonstrate the significance of the Back to Sleep (BTS) campaign and SIDS risk reduction efforts, Chart 1.1 is a graphical representation of SIDS rates from 1983 to 2003. The most significant declines can be observed from 1994 to 1998, which coincides with launch of the BTS campaign. For more information on the BTS campaign, see Prone Sleep Position and the Back to Sleep Campaign on page 11.

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