Adolescent Violence Prevention
This knowledge path about adolescent violence prevention has been compiled
by NCEMCH at
Georgetown University. The volume of materials on this topic is vast and covers
many disciplines, including public health, medicine, criminal justice, education,
and social services. This path offers a selection of current, high-quality
resources from these disciplines that measure, document, and monitor the problem;
identify risk and protective factors; and report on promising intervention
strategies. Separate sections identify resources on specific aspects of adolescent
violence: bullying, dating violence, family violence, firearms, gangs, media
violence, school violence, suicide, and violent-crime victimization. This knowledge
path is aimed at health and social services professionals, educators, policymakers,
community activists, and families, and it will be updated periodically.
- According to the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC), youth violence is when young people aged 10-24 years intentionally use physical force or power to threaten or harm others. See CDC's Youth
Violence: Definitions for a full definition and reasons why a consistent definition is important.
- See CDC's Understanding
Youth Violence, rev. ed. (2012). This fact sheet describes the problem of
adolescent violence in the United States and outlines its occurrence and
consequences, the groups at risk, and prevention strategies.
- See CDC's Youth
Violence: Facts at a Glance, rev. ed. (2012) for data about youth
violence and violence-related behaviors, health disparities among victims
non-fatal injuries due to violence, school violence, bullying, and juvenile
General Resources for Professionals
Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): Violence Prevention. Policy statements
and patient-education materials on topics such as bullying and firearms.
Resources and initiatives include
- Connected Kids: Safe,
Strong, Secure. Information about this program to integrate
violence prevention efforts in pediatric practices and the community.
Includes a clinical guide and brochures for parents, children,
and adolescents on topics such as bullying, discipline, interpersonal
skills, and television violence.
Also see the ASK Campaign (Asking Saves Kids).
- Center for the
Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV). Program information,
publications, and databases to assist with the
development and evaluation of effective violence prevention programs.
Topics include school violence, bullying, gangs, and firearms. CSPV is
a research center at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Resources
and initiatives include
- Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC). Information and resources about preventing
adolescent violence in schools, homes, and communities. Resources and
to Community Preventive Services: Violence Prevention. Recommendations for population-based interventions
to reduce or prevent violence.
Addresses early childhood home visitation, firearm laws, reducing
psychological harm from traumatic events, school-based violence
prevention programs, therapeutic foster care, and youth transfer
to adult criminal courts.
Center for Injury Prevention
and Control (NCIPC): Youth
Violence. Program information, data,
assessment tools, definitions,
and resources that describe
risk and protective factors,
strategies, and the translation
of research into practice.
Resources and initiatives
Youth Violence: Public
Health Grand Rounds. (2014). [Archived webinar and additional resources available for continuing education].
Striving to Reduce
Youth Violence Everywhere.
Tools to plan, implement,
and evaluate sustainable
strategies that are
based upon the best
Includes online training
modules, data, research
materials, and success stories.
Also see CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), school
violence resources, and the Prevention Research Centers (PRC).
Safety Network (CSN): Youth Violence Prevention. Publications,
presentations, and links to additional resources about adolescent violence
prevention, including bullying and school violence prevention. CSN provides
information, training, and assistance to the maternal and child health
(MCH) community to reduce child and adolescent injuries and violence.
- Fight Crime:
Invest in Kids. Program information, legislative news, and publications
about crime-prevention topics, including early education and care, child
abuse and neglect prevention, after-school programs, and programs that
help troubled adolescents get back on track. Fight Crime: Invest in Kids
is a national anti-crime organization of law-enforcement leaders and
Program and funding information and resources to help youth-serving organizations
and community partnerships plan, implement, and participate in effective
programs for youth. FindYouthInfo.gov was created by the Interagency Working
Group on Youth Programs, which is composed of representatives from 12 federal
agencies that support programs and services focusing on youth. See the FindYouthInfo.gov directory of
- Healthy People
2020. Information about this national health-promotion and disease-prevention
initiative of the Department of Health and Human Services. View the overview, objectives, and recommended interventions and resources for adolescent health, including adolescent violence prevention.
Center Against Violence and Abuse (MINCAVA): Youth Violence.
Electronic clearinghouse of links to published research, curricula and
other educational material, and organizations. Bullying, school violence,
gangs, and media violence are some of the topics addressed. MINCAVA is
located at the University of Minnesota School of Social Work.
- National Adolescent and Young Adult Health Information Center (NAHIC). Fact sheets, policy briefs, reports, and other
materials about adolescent health on topics that include positive youth
development and violence. NAHIC is based at the University of California,
- National Technical Assistance
Center for Children's Mental Health. Program and conference information
and other resources about reforming services and building systems of
care for children and adolescents who have, or are at risk for, mental
health challenges and their families. Offers a matrix of
over 50 programs across the country that focus on Asian American/Pacific
Islander adolescent development and violence prevention. Presents a set
of briefs that describe the work and successes of 29 coalitions for
adolescent violence prevention. Also offers a monthly webinar
series that covers important and emerging trends in mental health.
The center is part of the Georgetown
University Center for Child and Human Development (GUCCHD).
- Office of Juvenile
Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Program, conference,
and funding information; statistics; state contact lists; and publications,
including electronic newsletters. Topics include girls'
delinquency and gang
violence prevention. OJJDP is part of the Department
of Justice (DOJ). Resources include
Socioeconomic Mapping and
Resource Topography (SMART) System. A free, web-based geographic
information system that communities can use to upload local maps
of crime locations and connect them to maps of local intervention
programs and community resources. See Get
SMART—Mapping Resources for Crime and Delinquency Prevention (2010)
for an overview of SMART.
Briefing Book (SBB). Statistics about juvenile crime and
victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice
Also see the National Gang Center (NGC).
- Prevention Institute.
Program information, policy research and analysis, publications, presentations,
and other materials about violence
prevention. The Prevention Institute is a national, non-profit organization
that promotes policies, organizational practices, and collaborative efforts
to improve health and quality of life. Initiatives include
to Increase Thriving Youth (UNITY) Through Violence Prevention. Background
information, program materials, assessment and planning tools, and a
webinar training series about this program to strengthen and support
cities' violence prevention efforts. UNITY is supported by the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Youth Alive! Program
information and program replication materials for initiatives to prevent
adolescent violence and develop adolescent leadership in California communities.
Youth ALIVE! provides training to adolescents to build their leadership skills
and support them in advocating for solutions to violence for themselves and
See the following set of NCEMCH resource briefs to identify additional data
and statistics, literature and research, and programs about adolescent
- Maternal and Child Health Data and Statistics, and in particular, Child
Trends DataBank, MCH
Data Connect, Uniform Crime
(Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System), and Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance
- Maternal and Child Health Literature and Research Databases, and in particular, Morbidity
and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series, National
Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Abstracts Database, National
Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) Library, PubMed, SafetyLit, and Striving
to Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere (STRYVE).
- Maternal and Child Health Programs Databases, and in particular, FindYouthInfo.gov and National
Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP),
News and Commentary
Criminal Justice Reference Service: JUSTINFO. This biweekly
electronic newsletter announces new federally sponsored publications,
events, and funding and training opportunities about criminal justice,
juvenile justice, and substance abuse.
of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).
This service sends announcements about juvenile justice and other
youth service-related publications, funding opportunities, and
News @ a Glance. This
bimonthly electronic newsletter
highlights OJJDP activities,
publications, funding opportunities,
and upcoming events.
- SafetyLit Update Bulletin. This weekly newletter lists new additions to SafetyLit: Injury Prevention Literature Update and Archive Database, which contains abstracts of reports and journal articles about injury prevention and safety promotion.
- Also see GANGINFO.
Resources for Families
Resources for Schools
Resources on Specific Aspects of Adolescent
(Asking Saves Kids). Encourages parents to ask if
there are guns in the homes where their children play. ASK is
a collaboration between the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence and the American Academy of Pediatrics
Injury Control Research Center (HICRC). Information about research
programs, conferences, and seminars on adolescent violence, particularly
involving firearms. Resources and initiatives include
Research Digest. Citations for journal articles from the social
science, criminology, legal, medical, and public health literature
Gun Violence: A Public Health Crisis. (2013). [Webcast].
Suicide, Guns, and Public Health. Program information, education
materials, and research about the relationship between firearms
at home and increased risk of suicide.
- SPEAK UP. Hotline
and awareness campaign that makes it safe and easy for students
to anonymously report threats of violence, while working to turn
around negative social norms that prevent young people from "speaking
up." Telephone: (866) 773-2587 (SPEAK UP).
- Also see the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
Gang Center (NGC). Research and program information and tools
to assist in developing and implementing effective community-based gang
prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies. Includes training
information, gang-related state legislation and municipal codes, and
an updated list of newspaper articles on nationwide gang activity. NGC
is supported by the Department of Justice.
This electronic forum is for professionals working with adolescent
Youth Gang Survey Analysis. Analysis and findings from the ongoing
survey of law-enforcement agencies to assess the extent of adolescent
gang problems by measuring the presence, characteristics, and behaviors
of local gangs in jurisdictions throughout the United States.
- National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education, and Families.
Gang Violence and Building Communities Where Young People Thrive. Washington,
DC: National League of Cities Institute
for Youth, Education, and Families. [Toolkit].
- See the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) fact
in the Lives of Gang-Involved Youth: Tips for Volunteers and Community Organizations (2009)
Child and Gangs: What You Need to Know About Trauma. Tips for Parents (2009).
- Also see the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
(CSPV), Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse
(MINCAVA), and the Office of Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).
Related NCEMCH Resources
Adolescent Violence Prevention: Knowledge Path, 6th ed. (September
2010). (Updated: November 2014).
Author: Susan Brune Lorenzo, M.L.S., NCEMCH.
Reviewers: Olivia K. Pickett, M.A., M.L.S., NCEMCH;
Lissa Pressfield, M.H.S., Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs.
Editor: Ruth Barzel, M.A., NCEMCH.